Ontario

PASSENGER VEHICLES MOTORCYCLES

To obtain a licence to operate a passenger vehicle in ON, there are two stages to ON’s GDL program: Class G1, which precedes Class G2.
Effective date of program implementation: April 1, 1994; revisions Sept.1, 2005; revisions Aug. 1 2010.


AGE REQUIREMENTS
Minimum entry age: 16 years
Minimum exit age: 17 years (16 years and 8 months if approved beginner driver education course is successfully completed)
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
Driver education: Voluntary
Knowledge test: Must pass
Parental consent
Vision test: Must pass
EXIT REQUIREMENTS
Successfully passed test ⁄ course: Class G1 road test
Time completion: Hold a Class G1 licence for 12 months (8 months if approved beginner driver education course is successfully completed)
STAGE DURATION
Minimum duration: 12 months (8 months if approved beginner driver education course is successfully completed)
Maximum holding period: 5 years for exiting combined G1/G2 Graduated Licensing System (GLS)
SUPERVISORY DRIVER
Age
BAC level while supervising: 0.0 BAC
Driver log
Licence held: Fully licensed with Class A, B, C, D, E, F, or G
Location while supervising: Front seat, with any additional passengers in the back seat (s)
Time Licensed: At least 4 years
SUPERVISED DRIVING
Minimum amount of supervised driving
DRIVING RESTRICTIONS AND CONDITIONS
BAC level while driving: 0.0 BAC
Display "L" sign⁄plate when driving
If licensed driving instructor is with the driver, may drive on any road
Night restrictions: No driving between midnight and 5 a.m.
Other restrictions
Passenger restrictions: Must have supervisory driver in front seat, with any additional passengers in the back seat (s)
Road restrictions: Refrain from driving “400-series” highways with posted speed limits greater than 80 km/h, the Queen Elizabeth Way, Gardiner Expressway, E.C. Row Expressway and the Conestoga Parkway
SUSPENSION & PROHIBITION
Receipt of any demerit points, riders will be sent a warning letter
At 6-8 points, they may have to go to an interview to discuss their record and give reasons why their licence should not be suspended; if they do not attend the interview, their licence may be suspended
Novice Drivers Escalating Sanctions Program (see below)
At 9 or more demerit points, their licence will be suspended for 60 days (may lose their license for up to 2 years if the fail to surrender their license)
If Class G1⁄G2 drivers get 2 or more demerit points, they will be sent a warning letter
Lower driver penalty point threshold: yes, suspension is 9 or more demerit points for Class g1/g2 drivers (instead of 15 or more for fully licensed drivers)
DRIVER IMPROVEMENT ACTIONS
Novice driver program is three-tiered: 
NOVICE DRIVERS ESCALATING SANCTIONS PROGRAM

As of August 1, 2010, any driver that holds a G1/G2 licence will face escalating sanctions for:
> any combination of repeat violations of GLS conditions
> convictions HTA offences totalling four or more demerit points or;
> a court-ordered licence suspension for HTA offences that would have resulted in four or more demerit points had the suspension not been ordered.

The Novice (GLS) Driver Escalating Sanctions are:

> 30 days for a first instance;
> 90 days for a second instance;
> Cancellation of novice licence, loss of all credit for any fees or time spent in GLS including any Beginner Driver Education time discount, and requirement to re-apply to enter G1 or M1, as the case may be, for a third instance.
ADDITIONAL CLASS G1 FEATURES
Not permitted to take instruction in Class A-D
Not permitted to tow vehicles
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Effective August 1, 2010, all drivers under 22 years of age, regardless of their class of licence (including those who have completed GLS), must maintain a zero blood alcohol concentration level when driving. This is similar to the 0 BAC licence condition that already applies to novice drivers in GLS. Penalties for non-compliance are as follows:

Young Drivers (under 22 years of age)

> immediate 24-hour licence suspension at roadside
> upon conviction, a fine of $60 to $500 and a 30-day licence suspension

Novice (GLS) Drivers:

> immediate 24-hour licence suspension at roadside
> upon conviction, a fine of $60 to $500 and a licence suspension as per the Novice Driver Escalating Sanction program, which may include cancellation of the G1⁄G2 licence

CONTACT INFORMATION
Ministry of Transportation
Safety Policy and Education Branch
1201 Wilson Avenue
Downsview, ON M3M 1J8
Phone: 416-235-3585 
Toll Free: 1-800-387-3445
Email: speb@ontario.ca
Website:
Graduated Driver Licensing: http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/dandv/driver/gradu/index.html
Ministry of Government Services
Service Ontario Driver and Vehicle Contact Centre
Phone: 416-235-2999 in Greater Toronto Area 
Toll Free: 1-800-387-3445